The Dukes of Leeds and their connections to Kiveton, Harthill, Todwick, Thorpe Salvin, Wales and Woodall

Leeds Coat of Arms

The foundations for the Duchy of Leeds commenced 132 years previous to its creation in 1694, with the marriage in 1562 of Anne Hewett the daughter of Sir William Hewett of Wales, Yorkshire to Edward Osborne the son of Richard Osborne of Ashford, Kent. A brief history of the Earls of Danby and the Dukes of Leeds over the next 400 years, until the final demise of the titles in 1964, is displayed below:


Introduction

The Osborne’s connection with this area spans four centuries.

Initially the title that it was supposed he would be given was "Duke of Pontefract", but this probably was abandoned as the Barony of Pontefract was at that time vested in George (Fitzroy), Duke of Northumberland.

rom 1624 to 1874 the traditional burial place of the Osborne’s was All Hallows Church, Harthill, South Yorkshire, with 4 Dukes, 4 Duchesses, and 6 of their Children. laid to rest there.

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Sir William Hewett (1496 – 1567)

Sir William Hewett

William Hewett the son of Edmund Hewett, was born in 1496, at Wales, in the West Riding of Yorkshire.

Slide 5

In London William succeeded well in commerce, and in 1551 he engaged an apprentice Edward Osborne of Ashford, Kent.

Queen Mary died in 1558, and in 1559 William was knighted by Queen Elizabeth, and made Lord Mayor of London.

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Anne Hewitt and Edward Osborne, (1530 -1592)

Edward Osborne

Edward was the eldest son of Richard Osborne of Ashford, Kent and his wife Jane Broughton.

In 1544, Sir William Hewett befriended Edward and engaged him as an apprentice in his cloth merchant’s business on London Bridge. Whilst apprenticed to Sir William Hewett, it is recorded that Edward leaped into the Thames to save his master’s young daughter, Anne. Sir William was so grateful that he took him into his own family, educating and teaching him in the ways of business.

In 1562, Edward married Sir William’s daughter Anne, and they had five children.

Alice Osborne born 1563
Hewett Osborne born 1566
Anne Osborne born 1570
Edward Osborne born 1572
Jane Osborne born 1578

After his marriage to Anne, he lived in Sir William Hewett's house in Philpot Lane, and all his children were baptised in the parish church of St. Dionis.

Edward became a well-known merchant and financial agent. On the death of his father-in-law, in 1567, he acted as a joint executor with his wife Anne, and succeeded to Hewett's extensive businesses. He also inherited Sir William’s mansion in Philpot Lane, plus substantial properties, principally in London, Essex, Yorkshire, and the manor of Bilby, Nottinghamshire. As the Yorkshire estates left by his father-in-law, were too distant for residence, he made his at William's former manor house at Parsloes, Essex.

As Edward’s business, interests grew, he engaged extensively in foreign commerce, trading principally with Spain and Turkey. He owned a well-appointed ship, and he was the first governor of the Turkey Company,

Edward became an Alderman of the City of London and later Lord Mayor of London in 1583, the same year as he received his knighthood.

Anne died at the age of 42, was buried at the church of St. Martin Orgars, in Martin Lane, London on 14 July 1585.

In 1588, Edward re-married to Margaret Chapman, daughter and co-heir of Charles Pratt, a leather seller of Southwark. There were no children from this marriage.

Sir Edward died February 1592, and was buried at St Dionis Backchurch, Fenchurch Street, London, where a monument was erected to him. The monument and church were destroyed in the Great Fire of London in 1666.

Edward did not leave a will, and no grant of administration of his estate is on record. It is probable that he settled his whole estate by deed at the time of his second marriage, and he was succeeded by his first son Hewett Osborne. >Return to Index


Sir Hewett Osborne (1566 – 1599)

Sir Hewett Osborne, lived at the family home at Parsloes, Dagenham, Essex, and retained some of his father’s business interests in London, However, he mainly invested in trade with the Ottoman Empire. He studied law at the Inner Temple.

On 26th December 1588, he married Joyce Fleetwood, daughter of Thomas Fleetwood, at St. Dionis Backchurch, London, Middlesex, England and they had two children:

Alice Osborne born 1592
Edward Osborne born 1596

In 1590, he enlisted for military service, serving with distinction as a soldier under Peregrine Bertie, in France and Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, in his Campaign in Ireland during Tyrone's Rebellion.

In 1599, Essex had him knighted for his services at Maynooth but he died the same year in a skirmish with the rebels. He was succeeded by his son Edward Osborne. >Return to Index


Sir Edward Osborne (1596 – 1647)

Sir Edward Osborne

Edward was three years old when his father died and he inherited the family estates in Yorkshire and Essex. Due to his age, and for his own protection, he became a ward of the Crown. His mother Joyce Fleetwood and her brother, (Sir) George Fleetwood, purchased his wardship in June 1600 for £420.

In 1604, his mother Joyce married Sir Peter Frescheville of Staveley in Derbyshire, and it is recorded that Edward, and his sister Alice, spent the latter part their childhoods in Sir Peter’s home in Staveley.

When he came of age in 1617, he sold the Essex estate he had inherited for £1,150, and enlarged his estate in Yorkshire. In July 1620, Edward became a baronet, and he gave himself the title of Sir Edward Osborne of Kiveton, and he took up residence at Kiveton, in the West Riding of Yorkshire.

On 13th October 1618, he married Margaret Belasyse, eldest daughter of Thomas Belasyse, 1st Viscount Fauconberg at Henknowle, and thus became allied to one of the most powerful families in the North of England. Edward and Margaret had only one child.

Edward Osborne born 1621

Sadly, in 1624, Margaret died, and was buried in Harthill church, where Sir Edward later had a fine marble monument erected on the northern wall of the sanctuary to her, and her son Edward.

There is a record on the Harthill Parish Register of a daughter called Joyce Osborne, with Edward registered as her father, baptised on the 26th August 1630, but no record of a burial. It is possible that Joyce died at or near birth, and it is possible that she is the babe in swaddling, who is commemorated in the background of Lady Margaret’s monument in the church.

In 1625, Charles I succeeded to the throne of England and Edward became one of his loyal supporters.

In 1625, he travelled abroad; however, it is thought that he returned to England by July 1627. This assumption being made because he was listed as a Forced Loan defaulter in April 1627, the West Riding commissioners certified that ‘he is not in the country, for that our letters could not be delivered to him’, but he paid his assessment of £25 in July.

In 1629 when his great friend, Sir Thomas Wentworth, became Lord President of the Council of the North, Edward was appointed his deputy.

In 1630, Edward married his second wife Anne Walmesley, and they had two children:

Thomas Osborne born 1631
Charles Osborne born 1632

In 1633, when Sir Thomas Wentworth was sent to Ireland to settle affairs there, Osborne had to step up to perform the full duties of President of the Northern Council. He purchased a house outside the walls of York to reside in when the Court was in session.

In 1636, Edward bought the Manor of Thorpe Salvin including Thorpe Salvin Hall, built during the reign of Queen Elizabeth, and it is not known whether he resided there or, simply sublet the property.

Thorpe Salvin Hall

On October 31st, 1638, a sad accident occurred at Sir Edward’s York house,(Kings House), when a violent storm caused the collapse of a high chimneystack, which fell through the roof and ceiling of the house, killing his eldest son Edward. His second son Thomas escaped unharmed.

As a Royalist commander during the English Civil War, and commissioner of array, he helped to provide supplies for the Duke of Newcastle's army, which had invaded Yorkshire in November 1642.

A commission of array was a commission given by English sovereigns to officers or gentry in a given territory to muster and array the inhabitants and to see them in a condition for war, or to put soldiers of a country in a condition for military service,

In 1645, King Charles was defeated, and as Edward was a one of the King’s supporters, the parliamentarians sequestered his estate. He was obliged to pay a fine of £1,649 to recover it.

The fine, following on from his monetary sacrifices during the war crippled Sir Edward. He retired back to Thorpe Salvin a broken-hearted man, and died shortly afterwards at Kiveton in September 1647 at the age of 51. He was buried at Harthill Church under a memorial tablet, written in Latin, extolling his probity and prudence during his service as vice-president of the Council in the North.

The tablet is located on the northern wall of the Leeds Chapel at All Hallows Church, opposite the inner works of the organ. Above the obituary there is a painted crest, and surmounting the crest were his helmet, his lion crest, and gauntlets, all worn by him in the Civil War. In the 20th century, the helmet was stolen from the church.

As Sir Edward died intestate, administration was granted to his widow. His personal goods were valued in his probate inventory at £2,019/2s/5d. He was succeeded by his 2nd son Thomas Osborne.

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Sir Thomas Osborne Earl Danby (1632 – 1712)
1st Duke of Leeds

Thomas Osborne


Edward’s son Thomas was born at Thorpe Salvin Hall, and he inherited his father’s titles and the family estates in 1647.

In 1651, at the age of 19, he married Bridget Bertie, daughter of Montague Bertie, 2nd Earl of Lindsey, and they had ten children:

Edward, Viscount Latimer born 1655, died 1689
Thomas who died an infant
Elizabeth who died an infant November1656
Anne born 1657
Peregrine Osborne born 1659
Bridget born 1661
Katherine born 1662
Martha born 1663
Sophia born1664
Penelope who died an infant September 1669

In 1660, the loyalty of the Osborne family was rewarded when Charles II came to the throne of England. In 1672, Osborne was appointed a Privy Councillor, and in 1673, he was promoted to Lord High Treasurer. This made him the most important man in the kingdom after the King.

In 1673, Sir Thomas purchased Harthill's chief manor from Grace, Viscountess Chaworth, and thus the whole of Thorpe Salvin, Harthill, Wales and Kiveton, except for small isolated holdings, were in his possession. He grew in favour with the King and became Baron Kiveton and Viscount Latimer in 1673. And Earl Danby in 1674.

In 1665 King Charles II, who held the advowson of the Harthill rectory, either gave or sold it to Thomas under his title of Viscount Latimer.

In 1677, Thomas was made a Knight of the Garter; in the same year, he purchased the manor of Todwick, and became owner of the advowson of Todwick church.

Sir Thomas, although the King's chief minister, was strongly opposed to the Monarch's foreign policy. Charles secretly leaned towards France the champion of Roman Catholicism in Europe, whereas Sir Thomas thought an alliance with the Dutch would preserve the Protestant faith.

Due to his opposition to the King’s views, and being in such a position of power, he developed many enemies. So much so, that in 1678, he was impeached following accusations of corruption, and spent the next 5 years in the Tower of London. On his release in 1683, he returned to Yorkshire.

In 1685 when James II became King, Thomas returned to London and politics once more. He was still ardently opposed to King James re-establishing the Roman Catholic religion, and when the King’s second Catholic wife produced a son and future heir to the throne, he felt that the Protestant cause in England would be lost.

In 1687, he met the Duke of Devonshire, John D’arcy of Aston Hall, and Sir John Goodrich at Whittington. Initially, they were to meet on open moor at Whittington near Chesterfield, but it rained heavily, so they adjourned to the Cock and Pynot Inn in Whittington,near Chesterfield. Now a small museum called “Revolution House”.

Following this meeting, an invitation was sent to William III Prince of Orange, by seven notable Englishmen, later named the ‘Immortal Seven’:

The Earl of Shrewsbury (Charles Talbot)
The Earl of Devonshire (William Cavendish)
The Earl of Danby (Thomas Osborne)
The Viscount Lumley (Richard Lumley)
The Bishop of London (Henry Compton)
The Earl of Orford (Admiral Edward Russell)
The Earl of Romney (Henry Sydney) (who wrote the Invitation))

The letter informed William of Orange that if he were to land in England with a small army, the signatories and their allies would rise up and support him. The letter, among other things, offered a brief strategy on the logistics of the proposed landing of troops. It was carried to William by Rear Admiral Arthur Herbert disguised as a common sailor, and identified by a secret code.

In 1688, William, who was the nephew and son-in-law of James, landed with a large Dutch fleet and army, he was unopposed, and this bloodless revolution culminated in James II being deposed and replaced by William III and Mary as joint rulers. This Dutch invasion became known as the ‘Glorious Revolution’. William and Mary’s joint accession to the throne brought about the Declaration of Rights, leading to the Bill of Rights 1689.

On 20 April 1689, Thomas was made the Marquess of Carmarthen, and the Lord-Lieutenant of the three ridings of Yorkshire.

However, He was still greatly disliked by the Whig Party, and William, instead of reinstating him as Lord Treasurer, appointed him to the lesser post of Lord President of the Council in February 1689.

Following this demotion, he retired to the country and was seldom present at the council, and in June and July 1689 motions were put forward in Parliament for his removal.

Nevertheless, on 4th May 1694 Thomas was made the Duke of Leeds, this bought about fresh attacks, and he was accused unjustly of Jacobitism. Following on from theses attacks, in April 1695, he was impeached again by the House of Commons, on suspicion of having received a bribe of 5000 guineas to procure a new charter for the East India Company.

Although he had not actually accepted the gold, he had allowed it to remain in his house for over a year, only returning it when the inquiry began.

In his defence, while denying that he had intended to take the money, saying it had been left with him only to be counted by his secretary. He did not attempt to conceal the fact that according to his experience bribery was an acknowledged and universal custom in public business, and that he himself had been instrumental in obtaining money for others. Meanwhile, his servant, who was said to have been the intermediary between the Duke and the Company, fled the country; and with no evidence to convict, the proceedings fell apart.

In 1697, Thomas Osborne lived in the old Hall at Kiveton, and on becoming the Duke of Leeds, he pulled down the hall and had his new Kiveton Hall built on the site.

Kiveton Hall

In 1699, he was compelled to resign from the lord-lieutenancy of Yorkshire, and retired in the same year from public life to his new hall at Kiveton.

On January 7th 1704, his wife Bridget died. On Bridget’s death, he re-married to his second wife Bridget Wray of Middlesex.

His Titles were:

Baron Osborne of Kiveton and Viscount Latimer of Danby1672
Earl of Danby 1674
Viscount Dunblane of Scotland 1674
Lord Lieutenant of the West Riding of Yorkshire 1674.
Marquess of Carmarthen 1689
1st Duke of Leeds 1694

In 1712, the Duke was on his way from London, when he was taken ill at the home of his grandson, Thomas Fermor, 1st Earl Pomfret, at Easton, Northamptonshire. He died there on 26th July 1712 aged 81.

He was buried in the Osborne family chapel at All Hallows Church, Harthill. The Duke had purchased the Harthill estate whilst Earl of Danby, and had a fine mortuary chapel built in the northeast corner of All Hallows Church. The title of Duke of Leeds then passed to his third son Peregrine. >Return to Index


Sir Peregrine Osborne (1659 – 1731)
2nd Duke of Leeds

Peregrine Osborne

Sir Peregrine Osborne was born and baptised at Harthill on 29th September 1659. He was created Viscount Osborne of Dunblane in the peerage of Scotland in 1674, and in 1689, he became Earl of Danby (his father being made Marquis of Carmarthen). He was summoned to Parliament as Baron Osborne of Kiveton on 20th March 1690.

Sir Peregrine married Bridget Hyde, daughter of Thomas Hyde of Hertfordshire, in April 1682. They had four children:

William Henry Osborne born 1690 (Died of smallpox in 1711)
Peregrine Hyde Osborne born 1691
Bridget Osborne born 1688
Mary Osborne born 1688

In 1677, Peregrine Osborne sat in Parliament as MP for Berwick-upon-Tweed. In 1689, he briefly sat in Parliament again, this time for York. He left the Commons in 1689 after being called up to the House of Lords in his father's barony. However, he did not take an active role in the Lords, instead he choose a career in the Royal Navy and was Captain of the Suffolk, a 70-gun ship.  He then transferred to the command of the Resolution. He also commanded the Windsor Castle, and the Royal William.

Peregrine served as liaison officer with the Russian Tsar, Peter the Great, on his visit to London in 1698. He also helped negotiate a proposal to enable tobacco merchants to ship their products to Russia

He was promoted to Rear Admiral in 1703.

Peregrine was a ship designer and he designed the yacht “Peregrine”. In 1711, the vessel was converted into a royal yacht for Queen Anne. Five years later, George I renamed it the Royal Caroline.

Sir Peregrine served as Lord Lieutenant of the East Riding of Yorkshire until the death of Queen Anne.

Sir Peregrine Osborne died on 25th June 1729, and is buried in the family vault at All Hallows Church, Harthill.

His Titles Were:

2nd Baron Osborne of Kiveton, co. York before 1712
3rd Baronet Osborne of Kiveton, co. York 1712
2nd Viscount Latimer of Danby, co. York 1712
2nd Duke of Leeds 1712
2nd Marquess of Carmarthen 1712
2nd Earl of Danby, co. York 1712.

He was succeeded by his 2nd Son Peregrine Hyde Osborne. >Return to Index


Sir Peregrine Hyde Osborne (1691 – 1731)
3rd Duke of Leeds

Peregrine Hyde Osborne

Sir Peregrine Osborne became the Marquess of Carmarthen between 1712 and 1729; he was also Lord Lieutenant of the East Riding of Yorkshire during this time.

Sir Peregrine married three times:

1st wife: Lady Elizabeth Harley, youngest daughter of Robert, Earl of Oxford, Lord High Treasurer of  Great Britain, 16th December, 1712. Lady Elizabeth died 20th November 1713, in childbirth while giving birth to their only child, Thomas Osborne.

2nd wife:  Lady Anne Seymour, daughter of Charles, 6th Duke of Somerset and Lady Elizabeth Percy, on 17th September 1719.  Anne died on 27th November 1722.

3rd wife:   Juliana Hele, daughter and co-heir of Roger Hele of Holywell, Devon, on 9th April 1725.

His titles were:

3rd Viscount Latimer of Danby, co. York, June 1729
3rd Baron Osborne of Kiveton, co. York, June 1729
3rd Viscount Osborne of Dunblane, June 1729
3rd Duke of Leeds June 1729
3rd Marquess of Carmarthen June 1729
Earl of Danby, co. York, June 1729
4th Baronet Osborne of Kiveton, co. York, June 1729

Sir Peregrine Hyde Osborne died on the 9th May 1731, and is buried in the Leeds family vault at All Hallows Church, Harthill.

He was succeeded by his son Thomas Osborne. >Return to Index


Sir Thomas Osborne (1713 – 1739)
4th Duke of Leeds

Thomas Osborne

Thomas was educated at Westminster School and then Christ Church, Oxford. In 1731, he succeeded his father as duke. Thomas received a Doctorate of Civil Law in 1738 and became a Fellow of the Royal Society a year later.

Osborne was made a Lord of the Bedchamber in 1748, and June 1749, he was made a Knight of the Order of the Garter

A Lord of the Bedchamber was a courtier in the Royal Household whose duties consisted of assisting the King with his dressing, waiting on him when he ate in private, guarding access to him in his bedchamber and closet, and providing companionship.

In 1756, he was made Cofferer of the Royal Household.

The Cofferer of the Household was formerly an office in the Royal Household. The holder paid the wages of some of the servants above and below stairs. The cofferer was usually of political rank and always a member of the Privy Council.

Sir Thomas Osborne married Lady Mary Godolphin, daughter of Francis Godolphin, 2nd Earl of Godolphin and Henrietta Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, on 26th June 1740.

Their only child, Francis Godolphin Osborne who was born in 1750

In 1774, Thomas was made Deputy Lieutenant of the West Riding Yorkshire

Sir Thomas Osborne died 23rd March 1789, and is buried in the family vault at All Hallows Church, Harthill.

His titles were:

4th Baron Osborne of Kiveton co. York 1731        
4th Viscount Osborne of Dunblane 1731
5th Baronet Osborne of Kiveton co. York 1731
4th Viscount Latimer of Danby co. York 1731
4th Duke of Leeds 1731
4th Marquess of Carmarthen 1731
4th Earl Danby of York 1731
Knight, Order of the Garter (K.G.)

He was succeeded by his son Francis Godolphin Osborne. >Return to Index


Sir Francis Godolphin Osborne (1750 – 1799)
5th Duke of Leeds

Francis Godolphin Osborne

Sir Francis Osborne became Secretary of State for Foreign affairs under William Pitt in 1783.  He was Lord Lieutenant of the East Riding of Yorkshire 1778 – 1780.  Then Lord Lieutenant once more 1782 – 1799. Sir Francis was also Lord Chamberlain to the Queen, 1777 – 1780.

Sir Francis married Amelia Darcy, Baroness Darcy (de Knayth), daughter of Robert Darcy, 4th Earl of Holderness and Mary Doublet, on 29th November 1773.  They were divorced in May 1779. He then married his second wife, Catherine Anguish, daughter of Thomas Anguish, on 11th October 1788.

Amelia’s children were:
Sir William Frederick Osborne 1775 – 1838
Lady Mary Henrietta Juliana Osborne 1776 – 1862
Francis Godolphin Osborne, 1st Baron Godolphin 1777 – 1850

Catherine’s children were:
Lord Sidney Godolphin Osborne 1789 – 1861
Lady Catherine Anne Sarah Osborne 1798 – 1878

Sir Francis Godolphin Osborne’s titles were:
Knight, Order of the Garter (K.G.)
5th Baron Osborne of Kiveton co. York 1789
5th Viscount Osborne of Dunblane, 1789
6th Baronet Osborne of Kiveton co. York 1789
5th Marquess of Carmarthen 1789
5th Duke of Leeds 1789
5th Viscount Latimer of Danby co. York 1789
5th Earl of Danby co. York 1789

Sir Francis Godolphin Osborne died on 31st January 1799 and is buried in the family vault at All Hallows Church, Harthill.

He was succeeded by his son Sir William Frederick Osborne. >Return to Index


George William Frederick Osborne (1775 – 1838)
6th Duke of Leeds

George William Frederick Osborne

Sir George William Frederick Osborne inherited his father’s titles and estates in 1799.

He was made Master of the Horse to King George IV, 1827 – 1830. 

He was Lord Lieutenant of the North Riding of Yorkshire 1802 – 1838, and Governor of the islands of Scilly.

Sir George inherited the title ‘Baron Darcy de Knayth & Conyers’ from his mother.

On 17th August 1797, he married Lady Charlotte Townshend, daughter of George Townshend, 1st Marquess Townshend. Sir George and Lady Charlotte had four children:

Francis Godolphin D’arcy Osborne 1798 - 1859.
Lady Charlotte Mary Anne Georgiana Osborne 1801 – 1836.
Lord Conyers George Thomas William Osborne 1812 – 1831.
Amelia Rose Osborne

On 16th February 1831, Lord Conyers George Thomas William Osborne accidentally died at Oxford during a struggle with a friend.

In 1812, The 6th Duke had Kiveton Hall demolished. Some say he rendered himself liable in a game of chance, and had to pay a large sum of money to George, Prince of Wales as long as Kiveton Hall stood. Others argue that the only reason it was pulled down was due to the encroachment of industry from Sheffield blotting the horizon. It is also said that it was demolished to avoid death duties.

The family then moved from the area to Hornby Castle in Bedale, North Yorkshire. However, Harthill’s connection with the Dukes' of Leeds did not end until all the Duke’s land and property in Harthill were sold by Auction at the Royal Victoria Hotel, Sheffield, on 23rd August 1921.

Sir George William Frederick Osborne died in London July 1838, aged 62, and was buried in the Osborne family vault at All Hallows Church, Harthill. His son Francis Godolphin D’Arcy Osborne succeeded him.

His titles were:

6th Duke of Leeds 31st January 1799
6th Marquess of Carmarthen 31st January 1799
6th Earl of Danby co. York, 31st January 1799
6th Viscount Latimer of Danby co. York, 31st January 1799
10th Baron Conyers of Hornby Castle, 1784
6th Baron Osborne of Kiveton co. York, 31st January 1799
6th Viscount Osborne of Dunblane, 31st January 1799
7th Baronet Osborne of Kiveton co. York 31st January 1799
He was invested as a Privy Counsellor on 10th May 1827
He was invested as a Knight, Order of the Garter (K.G.) on 19th May 1827.

He held the office of Master of the Horse on 4th May 1827
He was succeeded by his son Francis Godolphin D’arcy Osborne. >Return to Index


Sir Francis Godolphin D’arcy Osborne (1798 – 1859)
7th Duke of Leeds

Francis Godolphin D'arcy Osborne

Sir Francis Osborne was styled Earl of Danby from birth until 1799 and Marquess of Carmarthen from 1799 until 1838.  He was Member of Parliament for Helston from 1820 – 1830.  When he inherited his father’s dukedom, in 1838 he added the name of D’Arcy to his surname by Royal Licence.

On 24th April 1828, Sir Francis married Louisa Catharine, daughter of Richard Caton of Maryland.

He served a short time in the army. In 1846, he was appointed Colonel-in-Chief of the North York Militia (Rifles).

In 1859, he died at the Clarendon Hotel, London from diphtheria. The Duke and his Duchess, Louisa Catharine are buried in the Osborne family chapel at All Hallows Church, Harthill.

His titles were:
7th Duke of Leeds 1838
Baron Darcy de Knayth 1838
7th Baron Osborne of Kiveton, co. York, 1838
8th Baronet Osborne of Kiveton, co. York 1838
7th Viscount Osborne of Dunblane

Sir Francis and Louisa had no children and on his death in 1859, his titles passed to other members of his family. The Dukedom of Leeds went to his cousin, the Lord Godolphin. The baronies of Darcy de Knayth and Conyers and the Portuguese Countship of Mertola to his nephew, Sackville Lane-Fox.

He was succeeded by his cousin Sir George Godolphin Osborne. >Return to Index


Sir George Godolphin Osborne (1802 – 1872)
8th Duke of Leeds

Sir George Godolphin Osborne was the eldest son of the 1st Baron Godolphin and his wife, the Hon. Elizabeth Eden.  The 6th Duke of Leeds was his uncle, and the 7th Duke of Leeds was his cousin. When his father became Baron Osborne in 1832, George became known as The Hon. George Osborne. He then inherited his father’s title in 1850, becoming the 2nd Baron Godolphin; therefore Lord Godolphin.

In 1859, he inherited the Dukedom from his cousin Francis, the 7th Duke of Leeds.
Sir George married Lady Harriet Emma Arundel Stewart on 21st October 1824 at the British Embassy, Paris, France. They had eight children:

Sir George Godolphin Osborne born 1828
Rev. Lord Francis George Godolphin Osborne born 1830
Lady Susan Georgina Godolphin Osborne born 1830
Major Lord D’Arcy Godolphin Osborne born 1834
Lord William Godolphin Osborne born 1835
Emma Charlotte Godolphin Osborne born 1837
Charlotte Godolphin Osborne born 1838
Blanche Godolphin Osborne born 1842

His Titles Were:

2nd Baron Godolphin of Farnham Royal co. Buckingham, 15th February, 1850
8th Earl of Danby co. York 4th May 1859
8th Viscount Osborne of Dunblane, 4th May 1859
8th Baron Osborne of Kiveton co. York, 4th May 1859
8th Duke of Leeds, 4th May 1859
8th Marquess of Carmarthen, 4th May 1859
8th Viscount Latimer of Danby co. York, 4th May 1859
9th Baronet Osborne of Kiveton co. York, 4th May 1859

Sir George Godolphin Osborne died on 8th August 1872, at Gogmagog Hills, Cambridgeshire. He is buried in the Osborne family chapel at All Hallows Church, Harthill.

Sir George was succeeded by his son Sir George Godolphin Osborne. >Return to Index


Sir George Godolphin Osborne (1828 – 1895)
9th Duke of Leeds

George Godolphin Osborne

Sir George was born on 11th August 1828, in Paris, France. He married the Hon. Francis Georgiana Pitt-Rivers, daughter of George Pitt-Rivers, 4th Baron Rivers of Sudeley Castle, on 16th January 1861. They had nine children:

George Frederick Osborne, Earl of Danby born 1861
Sir George Godolphin Osborne born 1862
Captain Lord Francis Granville Godolphin Osborne born 1864
Lord Albert Edward Godolphin Osborne born 1866
Lady Harriet Castalia Godolphin Osborne born 1867
Lady Alice Susan Godolphin Osborne born 1869
Lady Ada Charlotte Godolphin Osborne born 1870
Lady Alexandra Louisa Godolphin Osborne born 1872
Constance Blanche Godolphin Osborne born 1875

Sir George died on 23rd December 1895 and was buried in the churchyard adjoining Hornby Castle, Bedale.

His wife Francis Georgiana died on 26 Oct 1896 in London.

His titles were:

9th Viscount Osborne of Dunblane, August 1872.
9th Baron Osborne of Kiveton co. York, August 1872.
10th Baronet Osborne of Kiveton co. York, August 1872.
3rd Baron Godolphin of Farnham Royal co. Buckingham, August 1872.
9th Marquess of Carmarthen, August 1872.
9th Duke of Leeds, August 1872.
9th Viscount Latimer of Danby co. York, August 1872.
9th Earl of Danby, August 1872.

He was succeeded by his son Sir George Godolphin Osborne. >Return to Index


Sir George Godolphin Osborne (1862 – 1927)
10th Duke of Leeds

George Godolphin Osborne

In 1895, Sir George inherited his father’s estates and titles, and he gained the rank of Lieutenant in the service of the Yorkshire Hussars.

He became an MP for Brixton between 1887 and 1895, and he was Treasurer of the Household 1895 – 1896.

On 13th February 1884, Sir George married Lady Katherine Francis Lambton, daughter of the 2nd Earl of Durham, and they had five children:

Lady Gwendolen fanny Godolphin Osborne born 1885
Lady Olga Katherine Godolphin Osborne born 1886
Lady Dorothy Beatrix Godolphin Osborne born 1888
Lady Moira Godolphin Osborne born 1892
Sir John Francis Godolphin Osborne born 1901

The Duke sold all his land and property in Harthill by Auction at the Royal Victoria Hotel, Sheffield, on 23rd August 1921.

Sir George died on 10th May 1927, aged sixty-four was buried at Hornby Castle, Bedale, Yorkshire, on the 14 May 1927.

His Titles Were:

10th Viscount Osborne of Dunblane - December 1895
4th Baron Godolphin of Farnham Royal, co. Buckingham - December 1895
11th Baronet Osborne of Kiveton, co. York - December 1895
10th Duke of Leeds - December 1895
10th Earl of Danby, co. York – December 1895
10th Baron Osborne of Kiveton, co. York – December 1895
10th Viscount Latimer of Danby, co. York – December 1895

He held the office of Aide-de-Camp to HM King George V between 1921 and 1922.

Sir George was succeeded by his only son, Sir John Francis Godolphin Osborne, as the 11th Duke of Leeds. >Return to Index


Sir John Francis Godolphin Osborne (1901 – 1963)
11th Duke of Leeds

John Francis Godolphin Osborne

Sir John inherited half a million pounds after tax from his father at the age of twenty-six, but his father also left gambling debts, and the Hornby Castle estate was placed on the market in 1930.

Hornby Castle, bar one gutted wing, was demolished in 1931.

The Duke spent the rest of his life as a tax exile on the French Riviera, and on the island of Jersey at his mansion Melbourne House.

Sir John married Irma Amelia de Mallkhozouny on 27th March 1933.  They were divorced in 1948.

His second marriage was to Audrey Young on 21st December 1948, and they had a daughter - Lady Camilla Dorothy Godolphin Osborne born 14th August 1950,

His third marriage was to Caroline Fleur Vatcher on 22nd February 1955.

His titles were:

11th Viscount Osborne of Dunblane – May 1927.
11th Baron Osborne of Kiveton, co. York – May 1927.
12th Baronet Osborne of Kiveton, co. York – May 1927.
5th Baron Godolphin of Farnham Royal, co. Buckingham – May 1927.
11th Marquess of Carmarthen – May 1927.
11th Duke of Leeds – May 1927.
11th Viscount Latimer of Danby – May 1927.
11th Earl Danby – May 1927.

Sir John died in France on 26th July 1963, and was laid to rest in the Cimetière communal, Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, France.

Sir John was succeeded by his second cousin once removed, Sir Francis D’arcy Godolphin Osborne, as the 12th Duke of Leeds in 1963. >Return to Index


Sir Francis D’arcy Godolphin Osborne (1884 – 1964)
12th Duke of Leeds

FRancis D'arcy Godolphin Osborne

He was the son of Sidney Francis Godolphin Osborne and Margaret Dulcibella Hammersley.

His Titles Were:

6th Baron Godolphin of Farnham Royal, co. Buckingham – July 1963.
13th Baronet Osborne of Kiveton, co. York – July 1963.
12th Viscount Osborne of Dunblane – July 1963.
12th Marquess of Carmarthen – July 1963.
12th Duke of Leeds – July 1963.
12th Earl Danby, co. York – July 1963.
12th Baron Osborne of Kiveton, co. York – July 1963.
12th Viscount Latimer of Danby, co. York – July 1963.

Sir Francis was Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the Holy See from 1936 – 1947. During WWII He worked with a group that was responsible for concealing some 4000 allied soldiers and Jewish escapees from the Nazis.

He worked at the Vatican as a British Minister and remained there when he succeeded his cousin.  He lived at the Palazzo Sacchetti, 66 Via Giulia, Rome. He was often seen cycling around the city.

Sir Francis died in Rome on 20th March 1964, aged 80, and is laid to rest in the The Cimitero Acattolico ("Non-Catholic Cemetery") of Rome, often referred to as the Cimitero dei protestanti ("Protestant Cemetery"), or Cimitero degli Inglesi ("Englishmen's Cemetery").

Sir Francis remained single and upon his death in Rome, March 1964, all of his titles became extinct. >Return to Index


Information based on research by Edward J Mullins, and the late Kathleen Sharpe.

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