The Great War for Civilisation 1914 - 1919

18 million deaths and 23 million wounded

The total number of military and civilian casualties in World War I was more than 41 million: there were over 18 million deaths and 23 million wounded, ranking it among the deadliest conflicts in human history.

The total number of deaths includes from 9 to 11 million military personnel and about 5 to 6 million civilians. The Triple Entente (also known as the Allies lost about 6 million military personnel while the Central Powers lost about 4 million. At least 2 million died from diseases and 6 million went missing, presumed dead. This pre-amble lists the casualties of the belligerent powers based on official published sources. About two-thirds of military deaths in World War I were in battle. Nevertheless, disease, including the 1918 flu pandemic and deaths while soldiers were held as prisoners of war, still caused about one third of total military deaths.

Those who did not return


Private 25877 A. Allison, 20 - 1st Battalion South Wales Borderers

Killed in action, Tuesday July 25, 1916. Battle of the Somme, during the attack on Munster Alley.
Buried Pozieres British Cemetery, Ovillers-La Boisselle, Somme, France.

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Private 18269 John Baxter, age 19 - 1st Battalion Lincolnshire Regiment

Killed in action 4th October 1917, at the Battle of Polygon Wood during the Third Battle of Ypres

Born Whitwell Common, Derbyshire, but lived at Harthill.

Buried Hooge Crater Cemetery, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium, Panel 11. Bay L. Grave 10.

Commemorated on Harthill War Memorial, and on the Lincolnshire Regiment Roll of Honour WW1.

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Gunner 3690 George Bennett (alias White), aged 47 - Royal Garrison Artillery, transferred. to (377444) 764th Coy Labour Corps

Wounded in action April 29, 1918 died of wounds Wednesday, June 12, 1918,
Son of Robert and Sarah Bennett; husband of Elizabeth Bennett.

Buried at Harthill (All Hallows) CWGC Churchyard Extension.

Further information:
Corporal George Bennett (alias White) was born 1871 in Harthill. He was a career soldier and served in India prior to the war. After serving his full term of 12 years, he returned home to Harthill. At the outbreak of war he tried to sign up but was barred due to his age. He then went to another enlisting station and gave his name as George White, and gave a younger age. He served throughout the entire war until April 29th, 1918, when he was seriously wounded. George was transferred to a London hospital where he died on June 12th, 1918. His father did not want him buried amongst strangers and he travelled to London and brought back his body. George was buried in Harthill church yard June 18th, 1918. His funeral was reported by the Worksop Guardian of June 21st 1918.

Not commemorated on Harthill War Memorial.

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Private 28253 William Covell, age 37 - 8th Battalion East Yorkshire Regiment

Killed in action, Wednesday 26th  September 1917. Most likely died in the attack on Zonnebeke, near Passchendaele.

Baptised 5th September 1880 at All Hallows Church, Harthill. Son of William and Sarah Covell, Firvale, Harthill.

No known grave. Commemorated on Tyne Cot Memorial, Belgium, and on Harthill War Memorial.

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Private 12/2033 John Thomas Presley Ellis, age 36 - 2nd Battalion York and Lancaster Regiment

Killed in action, Thursday, September 20, 1916, during the Battle of the Somme.

Husband of Sarah Elizabeth Ellis and father of Ronald Ellis, Harthil.

Buried Authuile Military Cemetery, France, and commemorated on Harthill War Memorial.

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Warrant Officer George Henry Field, age 35 - Commissioned Royal Marine Light Infantry Gunner, H.M.S. Indefatigable

Killed in action Wednesday, May 31, 1916, when H.M.S., Indefatigable was sunk during the Battle of Jutland.

Son of James Field, of Woodall; husband of Amy Field, of "The Traveller's Rest," Highmoor, Killamarsh.

Commemorated on Chatham Naval Memorial, England, and on Harthill War Memorial.

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Private 14654 Alan Joseph Featherstone, age 27 - 10th Battalion Lancashire Fusiliers

Killed in action, 14th July 1916, would have attained his 28th birthday, the day following that on which he was killed.

Born 13th July 1888 at Laughton, married Annie Clarke, daughter of George and Frances Clarke, in 1913 and lived at Woodall.  They had a daughter Mable Featherstone.

No known grave. Commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial, and on the Kiveton Park Colliery memorial, and on the Kiveton Park and Wales Historical Society Website.

Not commemorated on the Harthill War Memorial

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Private 23369 Robert Henry Featherstone, age 24 - 9th Battalion York and Lancaster Regiment

Killed in action, Thursday, July 20, 1916, in the Battle of the Somme.

Baptised 10th January 1892 at All Hallows Church, Harthill. Son of William and Jane Featherstone and lived with his brother William at Harthill

Buried Lonsdale Cemetery, Authuille. France - Plot VI, H5. Commemorated on Harthill War Memorial
Also commemorated on the Kiveton Park Colliery memorial, and on the Kiveton Park and Wales Historical Society Website.

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Private 17768 Harold Gay , age 20 - 1st Battalion Northumberland Fusiliers

Killed in action, Saturday, November 20, 1915. Most likely to have died in local operations in the Voormezeele/St Eloi area of the Ypres Salient Front.

Son of George and Martha Ann Gay, Fir Vale, Harthill.

Buried at Voormezeele Enclosures No.1 And No.2, Belgium. Commemorated on Harthill War Memorial
Also commemorated on the Kiveton Park Colliery memorial, and on the Kiveton Park and Wales Historical Society Website.

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Private 21832 Alexander (Alec) Jones, age 23 - Sherwood Foresters 9th Battalion Notts & Derby Regiment

Killed in action September 26, 1916, Somme .

Baptised 12th March 1893 at All Hallows Church, Harthill. Son of Richard Jones and Ann Elizabeth Jones, of Fir Vale, Harthill.

Buried Regina Trench Cemetery, Grandcourt, Somme, France. Commemorated on Harthill War Memorial.

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Sergeant 11820 Richard Jones, age 21 - 9th Battalion York and Lancaster Regiment Machine Gun Corps

Killed in action, 2nd October 1916, Somme - (Richard was killed a week after his brother Private Alexander (Alec) Jones). 

Baptised 14 April 1895 at All Hallows Church. Son of Richard Jones and Ann Elizabeth Jones, of Fir Vale, Harthill. He married Lily Elizabeth Ross in 1915 and they had a daughter called Winsome Iris Jones. 

No known grave. Commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial, Somme, and on Harthill War Memorial.
Also commemorated on the Kiveton Park Colliery memorial, and on the Kiveton Park and Wales Historical Society Website.

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Driver T2/11405 Frederick Henry Moseley, age 36 - Royal Army Service Corps/Transferred to Royal Field Artillery.

Died from from pneumonia, as a result of influenza, in Salonica, Greece, Sunday January 5, 1919. Married Alice Wilkinson 21st June 1902, at All Hallows Church, Harthill. Father of Frederick Henry, Rose, John Henry, Eva, Annie and Nelly Moseley.

Buried Sofia War Cemetery, Sofia, Bulgaria. Commemorated on Harthill War Memorial
Also commemorated on the Kiveton Park Colliery memorial, and on the Kiveton Park and Wales Historical Society Website.

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Private 764847 Edward Eric Renshaw, age 34 - 27th London Regiment (Artists' Rifles)

Killed in Action, Thursday, 30 October, 1917, at the Battle of Passchendaele.

Baptised 12th August 1883 at All Hallows Church, Harthill. Son of James and Annie Renshaw.

No known grave. Commemorated on Tyne Cot Memorial, Belgium, and on Harthill War Memorial.

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Private 18306 Albert Arthur Smith, age 22 - 1st Battalion Grenadier Guards

Died Tuesday 15th June 1915, of wounds received in action at the Second Battle of Artois.

Baptised 14th August 1892 at All Hallows Church, Harthill. Son of William Arthur and Sarah Smith, of Spens Cottage, Harthill.

Buried at Hinges Military Cemetery Hinges cemetery was started in May 1915, and used mainly by field ambulances until August 1916.
Commemorated on Harthill War Memorial, and on the Kiveton Park Colliery memorial, and on the Kiveton Park and Wales Historical Society Website.

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Private 18793 Herbert Smith, age 32 - 1/4th (Hallamshire Territorial Battalion), York and Lancaster Regiment

Died 18th October 1918 whilst a prisoner of war.

Baptised 10th October 1886 at All Hallows Church, Harthill.  Son of William and Charlotte Smith of Firvale.

Herbert enlisted in February 1915, and fought in the Gallipoli Campaign. He was then transferred to the Western Front where he was captured by the Germans on 15th April 1918.

Herbert died of cardiac arrest after losing conciousness, due to illness, infection, and lack of medical care, in Marpent prisoner of war camp.

Buried sat Marpent Communal Cemetery. France.
Commemorated on Harthill and Barlborough War Memorials.

Marpent is a village in the Department of the Nord, 10.5 kilometres east of Maubeuge in the valley of the Sambre. The Commission graves are in the south part of the Communal Cemetery. There are now over 20, 1914-18 war casualties commemorated in this site. All died as prisoners in August and October, 1918.

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With thanks to the Barlborough Heritage Society


Private 10910 George Waplington, age 19 - 1st Battalion Coldstream Guards

Died Tuesday, December 22, 1914. It was not confirmed that he had died in action until February 1916.

Baptised 10th March 1895 at All Hallows Church, Harthill. Son of William and Fanny Waplington, who were newsagents at Firvale, Harthill.

Reported missing in action Tuesday, December 22, 1914. It was not confirmed to his parents that he had died in action on that day until February 1916.

No known grave. Commemorated Le Touret Memorial, France, and on Harthill War Memorial
Also commemorated on the Kiveton Park Colliery memorial, and on the Kiveton Park and Wales Historical Society Website.

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Buried in All Hallows Churchyard, Harthill

Leading Seaman J/4716(PO) James Horace Wainscoat C.G.M., age 23 - H.M.S. Southampton

Badly wounded at Battle of Jutland May 31, 1916. Died on a Hospital Ship en-route to Queensferry. June 7, 1916.

Son of Thomas and Annie Elizabeth Wainscoat, of 184, Gateford Rd., Worksop, Notts. Thomas and Annie originally lived at Dishwell Lane, Harthill.

Buried at Harthill (All Hallows) Churchyard CWGC Extension.

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ALSO KNOWN TO HAVE SERVED

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Bennett, Albert Private, 3rd Battalion, West Riding Regiment enlisted at the age of 19. Son of William and Elizabeth Bennett of Firvale. He worked as a blacksmith before signing up on 26th April 1918.

Bennett, Ethel Nurse 9851, Red Cross Voluntary Aid Detachment (VAD) volunteered at the age of 24. Daughter of William and Elizabeth Bennett of Firvale. Ethel was the sister of Albert Bennett. She was posted to the south coast after training, and kept a look out for her brother, and his friends, as the casualties were brought back from France for treatment.

Bilham, George Private, Royal Field Artillery enlisted at the age of 23. He was born around 1891 in Harthill. Son of George and Elizabeth Bilham. Prior to enlisting, he worked at Kiveton Park Colliery.

Drabble, William (Billy) Private, York and Lancs Regiment enlisted at the age 22 on the 12th December 1915, at Worksop Police Station. He did his initial training at Cannock Chase under canvas. On finishing his training he volunteered for the Machine Gun Corps and went to France on the 8th May 1916.

Froggatt, Edward - Private 25486, York and Lancaster Regiment enlisted at the age of 21, and was later attached to the 27th Northumberland Fusiliers. He was born in Waleswood, and lived at New Cottages, Woodall. He was posted to France 24th July 1916, accidentally wounded on 7th August 1916 to forefinger of left hand. He was placed in the reserve.

Harrison, Clifford Leslie Black Watch and Northumberland Fusiliers. Initially with the Black Watch, and later transferred to the Northumberland Fusiliers. Baptised at All Hallows Church 8th September 1895. Son of Sam Harrison (Schoolmaster), and Mary Harrison of Harthill.

Hill, Clement HowardCorporal, York and Lancaster Regiment, enlisted at the age of 22. He was born on 23rd August 1893 to Jacob and Fanny Hill of Firvale. He was seriously wounded - shot in the right thigh - on 1st July 1916.

Hydes, Frank MM - (Gunner 23343) Royal Field Artillery enlisted at the age of 18. He was the son of John William and Mary Ellen Hydes of Woodall. He served in the Royal Field Artillery, Trench Mortar battery, where he was awarded the Military Medal in November 1916 for “conspicuous gallantry and bravery in keeping to his post under heavy bombardment”. He worked at Kiveton Park Colliery.

Lakin, Horace - (Regiment or date of capture not known). Baptised at Harthill Church 3rd January 1886. Son of Thomas and Elizabeth Lakin, Firvale. He was taken prisoner and spent the remainder of the war as a prisoner in Holland.

Lakin, Thomas - Royal Horse Artillery. Baptised at Harthill Church 17th November 1884. Son of Thomas and Elizabeth Lakin, Firvale. During his service he contracted malaria which remained with him all his life.

Nicholls, Zilphah Mary - Women's Royal Air Force, enlisted on 12th June 1918 at the age of 20. She was born at Normanton Barracks, and was employed sewing fabric to airplanes.

Smith, Cass W. - Second Lieutenant, Durham Light Infantry enlisted in the early days of the war, and was wounded in France.

Stone, Horace - Royal Navy, HMS Hydra enlisted at the age of 19. Baptised 11th July, 1886 at Harthill Church. He was the son of William and Sarah Stone of Firvale. 

Storey, Wilfred - Private 241783, York and Lancaster Regiment, 2/5th Battalion enlisted 10th March 1916 at the age of 23. Son of William and Elizabeth Ann Storey and stated his occupation as a painter at the time of his enlistment. He was seriously wounded which resulted in his leg being amputated.

Wainscoat, Frank Private, Age and regiment not known. Invalided home through illness via the Leicester War Hospital.
 
Walker, Ernest Able Seaman, Royal Navy, age 23.

Walker, James – Private, (regiment not known), age 24

Waplington, Joseph - Private 6173, Coldstream Guards, he had previously served as a soldier, and was a reservist at the time of the outbreak of war and was recalled to his regiment at the age of 27. He was wounded in the leg. He lived at Firvale. Joseph was the elder brother of George Waplington - Private 10910, 1st Battalion Coldstream Guards aged 19 who was reported missing in action on the Western Front on 22nd December 1914, and was reported as having been killed in action some 14 months later on the 4th February 1916.

Weston, William - Private 52207, East Yorkshire Regiment enlisted at the age of 18. Son of William and Gertrude Weston of Firvale. He worked at Kiveton Park Colliery and married Annie Parker in February 1917.


Acknowledgements

We are grateful to Laura Gardiner, Archives & Local Studies Assistant, Archives and Local Studies Service, Clifton Park Museum, Clifton Lane, Rotherham S65 2AA. For her assistance in solving the puzzle of Private 18793 Herbert Smith.

While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of this record. We would be obliged if any mistakes or discrepancies are pointed out to us via the email address below.

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